高层民用建筑火灾自动报警系统设计

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=“false”QFormat =“true”Name =“IntenseReference”/ w:LsdExceptionLocked =“false”Priority =“33”SemiHidden =“false”UnhideWhenUsed =“fals e”QFormat =“true”Name =“BookTitle”// * StyleDefinitions * / table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:普通表,mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0,mso-tstyle-colband-size:0,mso-style-noshow:是的,mso-style-priority :99,mso-style-parent:“”,mso-padding-alt:0cm5.4pt0cm5.4pt,mso-para-margin:0cm,mso-para-Margin-bottom:.0001pt,mso-pagination:widow-orphan ,font-size:10.5pt,mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt,font-family:“Calibri”,“sans-serif”,mso-ascii -font-family:Calibri,mso-ascii-theme-font :minor-latin,mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri,mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin,mso-bidi-font-family:“TimesNewRoman”,ms o-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi,mso-font-kerning:1.0pt,} palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char- Indent-count :2.0“阶级=”MsoNoSpacing“随着中国经济的快速发展在建设中,人民生活水平不断提高,城市土地利用日益紧张,促使建筑物向高层次,集约化方向发展。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”高层民用建筑的装饰材料和方法越来越多随着电力负荷和燃气消耗的增加,多样化,对火灾自动报警系统的设计提出了更高,更严格的要求。为确保人民生命财产安全,自动火灾报警系统的设计已成为高层民用建筑设计中最重要的设计内容之一。基于作者在高层民用建筑火灾自动报警系统设计监理工作中的经验,笔者提出了相关国家标准和规范的粗略细节和不清楚的细节,供讨论和纠正。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.1pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”cLass =“MsoNoSpacing”I。基于palign设计=“left”style =“text -align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“火灾自动报警系统设计是一项高度专业的技术工作,也是一项强有力的政策。因此,首先应阐明以下设计基础:palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”1,to掌握建筑设计消防规程,系统设计规范,设备制造标准,安装施工验收规范和行政法规等五个方面的消防规定,并了解相关国家标准和规范中的积极措辞:“必须” ,ldquo,应该,ldquo,应该,ldquo,能和相反的词:ldquo,严格禁止,ldquo,不应该,ldquo,不,ldquo,不恰当的意思。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”2,用于高层民用的功能,使用和保护建筑物目标的火灾等级,认真执行相关的国家标准和规范,认真对待公安消防监督部门的审批意见。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.1pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”2。自动火灾报警系统的设备设置palign =“left” Style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.1pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”1,火灾探测器设置palign =“left”style =“text-align:Left, text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“开放或关闭或楼梯间应划分为不同的检测区域,火灾探测器应每2至3层放置一次。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”前室(包括烟雾前楼梯间前室,消防电梯前部)房间,消防电梯和防烟楼梯间与前室相结合)和人行道应分别划分为检测区域,特别是前室与电梯井道,疏散楼梯间和人行道相连,以及在发生火灾时,烟雾更容易聚集或流动。这是人员疏散和消防的必要条件,因此应安装火灾探测器。对于普通电梯前室,虽然它不是人员疏散的地方,但是前室连接到电梯竖井,并且当发生火灾时烟雾可能聚集或流动。最好将检测区域分开并单独安装火灾探测器。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”电缆轴很容易形成拉烟道,以防万一火灾火灾不容易沿着电缆燃烧。为此,“高层民用建筑设计防火规范和”,民用建筑电气设计规范在施工和电线或电缆的选择上都有详细说明。但是,考虑到具体实施的难点和现状,有必要在电缆井中安装火灾探测器,并符合沙夫的防火分离要求。t,每2至3层或每层安装一个。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”电梯室应配备火灾探测器,其中一个很重要垂直运输,第二电梯室发生火灾的风险,三个电梯井的必要开启,如门的开启,通风孔,电梯机房或滑轮室之间的永久开口,四,一旦发生火灾,电梯井经常成为火势蔓延的通道,这很容易威胁到电梯机房的设施。因此,需要在电梯室内设置火灾探测器,并且应在火梯竖井的顶部安装火警探测器。 Palign =”左”的风格=” TEXT-align:left进行,TEXT-INDENT:21.0pt,MSO的字符缩进数:2.0” 级=” MsoNoSpacing” palign =”左”的风格=” TEXT-align:left进行,文本缩进:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“2。设置手动火警按钮palign =”left“style =”text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt ,mso-char-indent-count:2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“用于每层楼的前室(包括防烟楼梯间的前室,消防电梯的前室,火的前室)电梯和防烟楼梯间)在火灾中进行疏散和灭火的必要场所应该是设置手动火警按钮的首选位置。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”此外,应为一般设置手动火警按钮电梯前室。 。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”在公共活动中(包括大厅,大厅,餐厅,多个功能)大厅等,主要通道等非常集中,是主要的疏散通道。因此,应在这些公共活动的主要入口和出口设置手动火灾报警按钮,主通道中设置的手动火灾报警按钮保证从火区的任何位置到最近的手动火灾报警按钮的距离不应该超过30米。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.1pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”3,设置消防应急广播扬声器palign =“left”风格=“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”人行道,大厅,餐馆等公共场所集中,是主要的疏散通道。因此,在这些公共场所,根据ldquo,从火区的任何部分到最近的扬声器的距离不超过25米并且ldquo,从走道中的最后一个扬声器到人行道末端的距离不应该大于12.5米。发言人,其次,消防应急广播扬声器应安装在公共厕所。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”前室(包括烟雾前楼梯间前室,消防电梯前部)房间的前室,消防电梯和防烟楼梯间是发生火灾时人员疏散和消防的唯一场所,并且有防火门隔离和人声噪音,因此应安装消防应急广播扬声器。消防应急广播扬声器也应安装在电梯的前室。疏散楼梯间也是火灾时人员疏散和消防的必要条件,声音噪音很大。因此,应设置消防应急广播扬声器,以方便消防应急释放指令。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.1pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”4,设置火警设备palign =“left”style = “text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”设置火灾紧急广播的自动火警系统。笔者认为,还应安装火灾报警装置,但控制程序应为:报警装置应采用手动或自动控制方式,在火灾确认后向火灾相关区域发出报警,停止报警设备在指定时间内,快速链接火灾紧急广播并向人们播放疏散命令。 。 Palign =”左”的风格=” TExt-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“设置火灾报警装置的位置,作者认为它应该与手动火灾报警器相关联按钮处于相同位置,墙壁安装高度应距离地面1.8米。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.1pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”5,设置为消防电话palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”配备了一个仅限火力的电话分机,它应该位于一个计算机房中。与消防联动控制有关并经常值班(包括消防泵房,备用发电机房,配电变压器室,主通风空调室,烟机房,消防电梯室等),消防系统操作装置或控制室,消防值班室,保安办公室等。应在消防电梯和普通电梯的车内设置专用电话。电梯机房和电梯轿厢,电梯机房和消防控制室,电梯轿厢和消防控制室都需要形成可靠的对讲通信电话系统。通常在消防控制室内设置电梯监控显示面板(包括位置指示器,方向指示器,对讲通信电话,故障指示器等),以便监控电梯的运行状态并在紧急情况下进行控制。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”带有手动火警按钮,消防栓按钮等。设置一个消防专用电话插头。 Palign =”左”的风格=” TEXT-align:left进行,TEXT-INDENT:21.0pt,MSO的字符缩进数:2.0” 级=” MsoNoSpacing” palign =”左”的风格=” TEXT-align:left进行,文本缩进:21.1pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“3.消防联动控制palign =”left“style =”text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso- CHAR-缩进计数:2.0” 类=” MsoNoSpacing” 1。消防联动控制应包括控制消防泵的启动和停止,并应指示启动泵按钮的位置以及消防泵的工作和故障状态。当提供消火栓按钮时,电气设备的工作位置还应指示消防泵的工作状态(即,设置消防泵的工作指示器)。 palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0 Pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”2。消防联动控制应包括控制启动和停止喷水和喷水灭火系统,应指示消防泵的工作和故障状态以及水流量指示。报警阀,报警阀和安全信号阀的工作状态。此外,还应对水池和水箱的水位进行监测和监控,以防止维护信号阀关闭,笔者认为应使用带电信号的控制信号阀来显示其开启状态。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”3,其他控制用于消防联动控制和显示功能应实现有关国家标准和规范的具体规定。 palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.1pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”四,火灾自动报警系统接线palign =“左”式=“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”以防止火灾火灾控制,通信和报警线被中断,这使得灭火工作不可能,导致更大的经济损失,它还抑制电磁干扰(如变压器,电机,电缆等)对自动火灾报警系统的影响。阻燃电缆应用于输电线路和消防控制,通信和报警线路,并应采用金属管或封闭式金属线槽保护。消防手动直接控制装置应由耐火电缆制成,电缆也应为金属。管道或封闭式金属线槽保护。使用普通涂层时,应在金属管或封闭的金属线槽上采取防火措施。 palign =“left”style =“text-al Ign:left,text-indent:21.1pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”V.结束语palign =“left”style =“text-align :left,text-indent:21.0pt,Mso-char-indent-count:2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“根据具体项目实施经验,阐述设计依据,火灾自动报警系统的设备设置,火灾联动控制及其布线等实际问题可以得出一些粗略的见解。其目的是提高自动火灾报警系统的设计质量,及早发现和通知火灾,防止和减少火灾隐患,保护人身和财产安全。 Palign =”左”的风格=” TEXT-align:left进行,TEXT-INDENT:21.0pt,MSO的字符缩进数:2.0” 级=” MsoNoSpacing”
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